FEMA NJOEM Offer Advice for Homeowners in Potential Flood Areas

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Release date: 
March 10, 2011
Release Number: 
1954-004

FORT MONMOUTH N.J. -- As a homeowner or apartment dweller, you may not have control of invasive flood waters but there are things you can do to protect your property and minimize the damage. 
Before an expected flood, protect your moveable furniture, area rugs, and personal items like photos or paintings and important papers by moving them to a safe place well above the anticipated flood level.

Permanent preventive measures are also recommended.  Raising easily damaged electrical systems above the potential flood level will protect the system and help prevent an electrical fire.  This work must be done by a licensed electrician.  Heating, ventilation, and cooling (HVAC) equipment can be protected by raising it onto concrete blocks, moving it from the lower level, or building a concrete or masonry block floodwall around it.
After flooding occurs, most importantly take care of yourself and your family.  A flood can cause emotional and physical stress. Make sure you rest often, eat well and do cleanup jobs one at a time.  Recommendations for keeping your home safe after a flood:

  • Turn off the electricity at the main breaker or fuse box even if the power is off in your community.
  • Keep a battery-powered radio so you can listen for emergency updates and news reports that may be provided by the state or federal government or other organizations.
  • Important papers with minimal damage can be air dried but when records are very wet, avoid harsh sunlight or high heat. Put them in clean, dry boxes lined with thin plastic to keep the boxes dry. Papers that cannot be dried immediately should be frozen for air drying later.
  • Avoid travel, for your own safety and to allow emergency workers to do their jobs. Listen to the radio for news of road closures and places to avoid and use the phone only for emergencies. If your car stalls in rapidly rising waters, get out immediately and climb to higher ground.
  • If you must walk, stay on firm ground. Moving water only 6 inches deep can sweep you off your feet. Standing water may be electrically charged. Watch for fallen objects, downed electrical wires, and weakened walls, bridges, roads, and sidewalks. Use a stick to poke through debris that may hide animals or snakes.

If you are evacuated, don't return to your flood-damaged home before the area is declared safe by local officials.  When returning following these recommendations will help avoid further emergencies:

  • First walk around the outside checking for loose power lines, gas leaks, and structural damage.
  • Upon entering, if you smell gas or hear a hissing or blowing sound, open a window and leave immediately. Turn off the main valve if possible and call the gas company from another location.
  • Do not turn on the lights until you are sure they’re safe to use. Use a flash light to inspect the home, turning it on before entering to avoid a potential spark that could ignite leaking gas. 
  • Until you are sure of your safety do not stand in water or touch your electrical system.  
  • Be aware of loose boards and slippery floors.
  • If appliances are wet, turn off the electricity at the main fuse box or circuit breaker, then unplug them.
  • Throw out all food and other supplies that may have become contaminated.
  • Do not flush toilets until you know that sewage lines are intact. Disinfect items that may have been contaminated by raw sewage, bacteria, or chemicals.
  • If your basement has flooded, pump it out gradually (about one third of the water per day) to avoid collapsing walls.

Remember to take pictures of damages. Keep good records of repair and cleaning costs and call your insurance agent. If you hire cleanup or repair contractors, be sure to check references. 

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Last Updated: 
July 16, 2012 - 18:46
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