BRAZORIA COUNTY, Texas -- During man-made and natural disasters, the Freeport Fire and EMS Department is designated as the Emergency Operations Center and the Freeport Police Department as the Incident Command Post for the city of Freeport and several surrounding cities.
After years of the tedious task of boarding up the buildings to secure them during impending disasters, the city applied for and received a grant to install hurricane shutters.
"Being pro-active, we would board windows prior to storm threats," said Billywayne Shoemaker, Captain of Freeport's Fire Department. "Nine times out of ten, the wood we had cut last year could not be used. We would have to measure and re-cut all the wood, bring lifts in for the second story and physically hold the boards up while somebody drilled them in," Shoemaker said. "At the fire station we would have to climb up on a ladder with 4x8 sheets of plywood. It was very dangerous. Between the two buildings you're talking a minimum of four people, two days work, aerial lifts, ladders and the danger of holding pieces of plywood while you're standing on a ladder and drilling."
The shutter retrofit project began in August 2006 and was completed June 2007 at a cost of $38, 394. Freeport received a grant of $28,795 from the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) through its Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP).
FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Grant Program provides grants to states, local governments, and Indian tribes for long-term hazard mitigation projects after a major disaster declaration. The purpose of the program is to reduce the loss of life and property in future disasters by funding mitigation measures during the recovery phase of a natural disaster.
"We went through the process of applying for the Hazard Mitigation grant. We have a history of hurricanes here on the Gulf," said John Stanford, Fire and EMS Chief. "One of the problems that we've run into in the past is that when a storm is imminent a lot of windows have to be boarded up. It's very labor intensive. Another problem is when you have an EOC such as our building and you keep a crew back for a storm with all the windows boarded up it gets to be a little claustrophobic."
Electric roll-down shutters were placed on all windows and doors of the police department. A manual override was also installed in the event of power loss. The fire department has electric roll-downs on the first floor and manual roll-downs on the second.
"We looked at different shutter manufacturers and different types of shutters. There are many out there," Stanford said. "We wanted those that were good, substantial and cost effective."
"With the shutters in place, we can have both buildings shuttered down and secured in thirty minutes. Lots of man hours saved and a lot of safety factors versus people getting injured trying to put plywood in place, getting splinters or falling," added Shoemaker.
Hurricane shutters save lives and property. The demand continues to grow as more individuals realize their value. They offer more than just protection from hurricane-force winds and flying debris. Depending on the type of shutter, they can add security, increase resale value of property, decrease chances of looting and theft, give protection from outdoor noise, allow for light control, add visual appeal to homes and buildings and decrease insurance premiums.
FEMA coordinates the federal government's role in preparing for, preventing, mitigating the effects of, responding to, and recovering from all domestic disasters, whether natural or man-made, including acts of terror.