ALEXANDRIA, La. -- History can be a great teacher. Louisiana citizens can prepare for future flooding with attention to a personal evacuation route and communication plan.
"Learn flood-warning signs and your community's alert signals,"said Lee Champagne, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) federal coordinating officer.
Individuals living in flash-flood areas should have several alternative routes.
An emergency communication plan for getting back together is important in case family members are separated from one another during floods or flashfloods. This is a real possibility during the day when adults are at work and children are at school. A specific pre-arranged location for meeting should be determined.
An out-of-state relative or friend can serve as the "family contact."After a disaster, it is often easier to call long distance. Make sure everyone in the family knows the name, address and phone number of the contact person.
It is important to make sure that all family members know how to respond after a flood or flashflood:
- Teach all family members how and when to turn off gas, electricity and water.
- Teach children how and when to call 9-1-1, police, fire department and which radio station to tune to for emergency information.
- Be prepared to evacuate.
- Keep children away from creeks, streams and drainage systems.
- Do not drive through standing or flowing water.
If time permits, here are other steps that you can take before the flood waters come:
- Turn off all utilities at the main power switch and close the main gas valve if evacuation appears necessary.
- Move valuables, such as papers, furs, jewelry and clothing to upper floors or higher elevations.
- Fill bathtubs, sinks and plastic soda bottles with clean water. Sanitize the sinks and tubs first by using bleach. Rinse, fill with clean water.
- Bring outdoor possessions, such as lawn furniture, grills and trash cans inside, or tie them down securely.
FEMA manages federal response and recovery efforts following any national incident, initiates mitigation activities and manages the National Flood Insurance Program. FEMA works closely with state and local emergency managers, law enforcement personnel, firefighters and other first responders. FEMA became part of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security on March 1, 2003.