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Flood Insurance Myths and Facts

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Release date: 
October 20, 2006
Release Number: 

GLEN ALLEN, Va. -- Flooding is one of the most common natural hazards in the United States and has caused more property damage than any other type of disaster. Buying flood insurance can provide economic protection and peace of mind. The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the Virginia Department of Emergency Management want Commonwealth residents and business owners to know how the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) works and to answer any questions they may have.

Below are some common myths and misconceptions about flood insurance:

Myth: Only homeowners can purchase flood insurance.

FACT: Most homeowners, condominium unit owners, renters, and businesses in NFIP participating communities can purchase flood insurance. To find out if your community participates, go to The maximum coverage amounts are:

  • Homeowners and condominum unit owners: up to $250,000 in structural coverage and up to $100,000 in contents coverage
  • Renters: up to $100,000 in contents coverage
  • Businesses: up to $500,000 in commercial structural coverage and up to $500,000 in contents coverage

Myth: You can’t buy flood insurance if you are located in a high-flood-risk area.

FACT: You can buy National Flood Insurance no matter where you live, as long as your community participates in the NFIP. The NFIP was created in 1968 to make federally backed flood insurance available to property owners, renters, and businesses in eligible communities.

Myth: If you live in a low-flood-risk area, you don’t need flood insurance.

FACT: All areas are susceptible to flooding, although to varying degrees. If you live in a low-to-moderate flood risk area, it is advisable to have flood insurance. Between 20 and 25 percent of the NFIP’s claims come from outside high-flood-risk areas. Residential and commercial property owners located in low-to-moderate risk areas should ask their agents if they are eligible for the Preferred Risk Policy, which provides very inexpensive flood insurance protection.

Myth: Homeowners insurance policies cover flooding.

FACT: Unfortunately, many home and business owners do not find out until it is too late that their homeowners and business insurance policies do not cover flooding. The NFIP offers a separate policy that protects the single most important financial asset, which for most people is their home or business.

Homeowners can include contents coverage in their existing NFIP policy. Residential and commercial renters can purchase flood insurance coverage for their buildings and contents/inventory and, by doing so, protect their treasured possessions or their livelihood.

Myth: Federal disaster assistance will pay for flood damage.

FACT: Before a community is eligible for disaster assistance, it must be declared a federal disaster area. Federal disaster assistance declarations are issued in less than 50 percent of flooding events. Furthermore, if you are uninsured and receive federal disaster assistance after a flood, you must purchase flood insurance to remain eligible for future disaster relief.

Myth: You can’t buy flood insurance immediately before or during a flood.

FACT: You can purchase National Flood Insurance at any time. There is usually a 30-day waiting period after you buy flood insurance before the policy is effective. In most cases, the policy does not cover a “loss in progress,” which is defined as a loss occurring as of midnight on the first day your policy goes into effect. Basically, if you buy flood insurance after a flood, it will not cover your ...

Last Updated: 
July 16, 2012 - 18:46
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