National Disaster Recovery Framework

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In the days and weeks after a disaster, a range of work begins to get the affected community back on its feet and rebuilding stronger, smarter and safer.

The National Disaster Recovery Framework (NDRF) provides context for how the whole community works together to restore, redevelop and revitalize the health, social, economic, natural and environmental fabric of the community.

It is one of the five documents in the suite of National Planning Frameworks. Each Framework covers one preparedness mission area: Prevention, Protection, Mitigation, Response or Recovery.

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Focus on Coordinated Recovery

The Recovery mission area covers the core capabilities necessary to help state and local communities recover from a disaster.

While the Response and Recovery Frameworks are related, they involve different activities. For example, response efforts focus on stabilizing the situation by saving lives and property and meeting basic human needs. Recovery efforts focus on how best to restore, redevelop and revitalize the health, social, economic, natural and environmental fabric of the community and often begins while response is still occurring. The Framework also emphasizes pre-disaster and post-disaster planning.

Because development of the NDRF began under an earlier initiative, the document is organized a little differently than the other four National Planning Frameworks. The NDRF, for example, has a slightly different structure, provides a more detailed concept of operations and is, therefore, longer than the other Frameworks. Although it does not use some of the terminology in the other Frameworks—such as the National Preparedness Goal, core capabilities or whole community—the NDRF content is consistent with the spirit and principles of the others.

Recovery Support Functions and Core Capabilities

Core capabilities are the distinct elements needed to achieve the National Preparedness Goal. Because the NDRF was released prior to the Goal, it does not specifically reference core capabilities. Rather, the Framework lists Recovery Support Functions, which roughly align to the new core capabilities.

Recovery Support Functions provide a structure to facilitate problem solving, improve access to resources and foster coordination among state and federal agencies, nongovernmental partners and others. For each of its six Recovery Support Functions, the Framework lists the federal agencies involved in the function, as well as pre-disaster and post-disaster activities and expected outcomes.

The Recovery Support Functions are:

  • Community Planning and Capacity Building
  • Economic
  • Health and Social Services
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure Systems
  • Natural and Cultural Resources

According to the National Preparedness Goal, eight core capabilities are aligned with the Recovery mission area. Three are shared with all mission areas:

  • Planning
  • Public Information and Warning
  • Operational Coordination

Five capabilities are unique to the Recovery mission area. They align with the Recovery Support Functions listed above.

  • Economic Recovery
  • Health and Social Services
  • Housing
  • Infrastructure Systems
  • Natural and Cultural Resources
Last Updated: 
07/30/2014 - 14:51
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