0:00:02.580,0:00:06.090 2011 was an unusually active and deadly year for tornadoes 0:00:06.090,0:00:08.889 across the u_s_ 0:00:08.889,0:00:13.029 with a total one thousand six hundred and ninety - one tornadoes reported across the 0:00:13.029,0:00:15.369 country 0:00:15.369,0:00:19.750 Several tornado records were broken in two thousand eleven including 0:00:19.750,0:00:21.849 greatest number of tornadoes in a single month 0:00:21.849,0:00:24.830 758 in April 0:00:24.830,0:00:28.900 and the greatest number of tornadoes in one day two hundred on april twenty 0:00:28.900,0:00:31.459 seventh 0:00:31.459,0:00:38.459 when disaster strikes across a large area 0:00:39.280,0:00:42.599 several FEMA Regions come together to help the people who are affected by the disaster. 0:00:42.599,0:00:49.599 States and EMA partnered on multiple programs for residential Safe Rooms Community Safe Rooms and ICC 500 Shelters and schools. Most schools have a tornado plan, but not a Safe Room. 0:00:54.880,0:00:58.260 We already provided the disaster designations that are required 0:00:58.260,0:01:01.340 to make sure that the maximum Federal help 0:01:01.340,0:01:02.730 comes here 0:01:02.730,0:01:05.120 as quickly as possible 0:01:05.120,0:01:08.610 FEMA and particularly some of the regions of FEMA 0:01:08.610,0:01:12.170 should be commended for their efforts 0:01:12.170,0:01:15.000 Providing quality through the 0:01:15.000,0:01:17.150 guidlines that are published 0:01:17.150,0:01:18.850 tremendous 0:01:18.850,0:01:21.280 uh... number of people in 0:01:21.280,0:01:26.180 of competent people and team of uh... or paying attention to quality control 0:01:26.180,0:01:28.960 aspects of Safe Rooms 0:01:28.960,0:01:32.150 some of the regions are doing an outstanding job 0:01:32.150,0:01:34.390 not only of 0:01:34.390,0:01:36.670 say implementing 0:01:36.670,0:01:41.360 programs to build safe rooms but also 0:01:41.360,0:01:43.670 to provide the quality. 0:01:43.670,0:01:45.700 Region four 0:01:45.700,0:01:48.860 tremendous challenge right now in Alabama 0:01:48.860,0:01:55.860 with a number of tornadoes that have occured 0:01:56.550,0:02:00.540 I'm standing here in Forest Lake which is now the hardest hit areas of Tuscaloosa 0:02:00.540,0:02:05.240 … this is a historic neighborhood that so many deaths as a result of the EF-4 0:02:05.240,0:02:08.019 tornado that touched down april twenty seventh 0:02:08.019,0:02:09.739 behind me is a safe one 0:02:09.739,0:02:13.109 basically ah... a haven of hope for those of us who live here 0:02:13.109,0:02:15.900 as you can see the tornado basically cleared 0:02:15.900,0:02:18.779 uh... thishouse right off its foundation 0:02:18.779,0:02:23.669 in this room of those who lived here were safe... Establishing the criteria for 0:02:23.669,0:02:26.689 eligibility in 0:02:26.689,0:02:29.079 setting up a consistent 0:02:29.079,0:02:30.930 process throughout the state 0:02:30.930,0:02:35.469 tuscaloosa adopts building codes that require more Safe Room structures 0:02:35.469,0:02:37.879 especially in our high density areas 0:02:37.879,0:02:41.999 we are looking for ways we can make safe rooms affordable so that it's not 0:02:41.999,0:02:46.259 only for those of means but for everyone, the first time home buyer 0:02:46.259,0:02:48.159 or somebody leasing 0:02:48.159,0:02:50.890 they have an opportunity for a safe room. It started 0:02:50.890,0:02:54.620 getting stormy about two o'clock in the morning we came and we were under a tornado watch porn i 0:02:54.620,0:02:55.929 0:02:55.929,0:02:58.729 we maned the office all day 0:02:58.729,0:03:01.369 uh... we run under several warnings 0:03:01.369,0:03:03.479 ever time we were under warning we woud do 0:03:03.479,0:03:10.479 our public alert notification and sound sirens. Around four o'clock when a tornado came through 0:03:10.499,0:03:14.599 we actually sounded sirens about fifteen minutes before the tornado hit. 0:03:14.599,0:03:16.889 and then as the day 0:03:16.889,0:03:18.779 wore on 0:03:18.779,0:03:23.589 and then there's the dire warning sirens kept going off and so forth it 0:03:23.589,0:03:25.949 by one thirty the shelter was full 0:03:25.949,0:03:27.479 0:03:27.479,0:03:31.089 with as many people it could hold 0:03:31.089,0:03:33.479 it was rated an EF-5 0:03:33.479,0:03:38.339 it came into the countyi on the.. southwestern corner of the county it 0:03:38.339,0:03:42.389 stayed on the ground our way through the county 0:03:42.389,0:03:44.069 0:03:44.069,0:03:48.400 it makes it a lot easier because we do have a place that we can tell 0:03:48.400,0:03:52.510 people to go where they' can be safe this shelter also before we got this 0:03:52.510,0:03:58.239 one... we didn't have any place except maybe a basement in churches 0:03:58.239,0:04:03.230 we would go to the Baptist church or we go a neighborhood uh... 0:04:03.230,0:04:04.369 storm cellar 0:04:04.369,0:04:06.159 in our neighborhood 0:04:06.159,0:04:12.020 and since they built this i have been here six times since they built this 0:04:12.020,0:04:16.769 the churches all had their basements open 0:04:16.769,0:04:17.280 we had two churches that was destroyed by the 0:04:17.280,0:04:19.840 tornado but it was roughly three hundred 0:04:19.840,0:04:24.509 houses that was completely destroyed and probably two hundred more than had 0:04:24.509,0:04:30.100 major damage. the tornado was an EF-5. we have five shelters they won't 0:04:30.100,0:04:33.479 be this large would have to five that would go out in the county has 0:04:33.479,0:04:35.940 already approved by FEMA. 0:04:35.940,0:04:39.530 the bid has been let them we are just waiting for them to be built quite known him to bill 0:04:39.530,0:04:41.069 we have eight more 0:04:41.069,0:04:46.180 that has gone to the State 0:04:46.180,0:04:50.499 you know, it's better to be safe then sorry i'm glad we had no one injured 0:04:50.499,0:04:52.120 but looking back 0:04:52.120,0:04:55.080 you know our safety plan even though it was approved and we knew what we're supposed to 0:04:55.080,0:04:57.479 do it was not gonna 0:04:57.479,0:05:01.550 had we been in school we you know it is not going to keep kids from getting hurt or 0:05:01.550,0:05:04.960 be seriously hurt the well watched our hospital this area and one if you can 0:05:04.960,0:05:07.949 imagine having kids in this class room 0:05:07.949,0:05:10.770 uh... you know you you need to plan for that so that we don't 0:05:10.770,0:05:14.840 we don't have that tragedy and that's certainly opened our eyes in hackleburg 0:05:14.840,0:05:19.250 remain kennedy where word atlas start one part of what we might have 0:05:19.250,0:05:24.119 a safe place for folks to go. In each of the region's that 0:05:24.119,0:05:27.039 FEMA has been active that's uh... 0:05:27.039,0:05:31.249 region four in the atlanta region right now there's a lot of activity in 0:05:31.249,0:05:33.740 alabama for example 0:05:33.740,0:05:38.080 region six which includes Texas, Oklahoma, and so on 0:05:38.080,0:05:39.309 perhaps others 0:05:39.309,0:05:43.159 and region seven in kansas city 0:05:43.159,0:05:44.440 all have had 0:05:44.440,0:05:46.659 extensive programs 0:05:46.659,0:05:47.889 for 0:05:47.889,0:05:49.909 uh... augmenting the 0:05:49.909,0:05:51.469 cost of building 0:05:51.469,0:05:55.330 safe rooms in the residential or construction 0:05:55.330,0:05:58.759 continued midwesterner kansas city area 0:05:58.759,0:06:04.340 they have been most progressive inactive in building community shelters 0:06:04.340,0:06:06.949 and have sort of led the way and 0:06:06.949,0:06:11.240 in the processes for design as well as in 0:06:11.240,0:06:14.099 verifying compliance with the standards 0:06:14.099,0:06:16.449 for communities safe rooms 0:06:16.449,0:06:18.889 the kansas city region has been 0:06:18.889,0:06:20.820 to say proactive and 0:06:20.820,0:06:22.409 forwarded 0:06:22.409,0:06:24.110 first of all 0:06:24.110,0:06:28.149 uh... providing guidance and climbing for 0:06:28.149,0:06:30.150 building communities safe rooms 0:06:30.150,0:06:36.610 and a vast number of safe rooms have been built in schools in the midwest 0:06:36.610,0:06:37.819 Texas 0:06:37.819,0:06:39.600 the um... 0:06:39.600,0:06:44.460 stay has been very active with the shelter incentive grant program 0:06:44.460,0:06:46.259 not only 0:06:46.259,0:06:49.840 and uh... providing partial funding for 0:06:49.840,0:06:56.430 safe rooms either community or or residential these state of texas for example is 0:06:56.430,0:06:57.830 implementing a 0:06:57.830,0:06:58.750 large 0:06:58.750,0:07:04.610 safe room program along the texas coast been determined there that not only 0:07:04.610,0:07:08.099 are there vulnerable populations 0:07:08.099,0:07:10.029 the traditional 0:07:10.029,0:07:12.499 evacuation 0:07:12.499,0:07:15.749 processes do not work well because the 0:07:15.749,0:07:19.220 transportation facilities particularly down and 0:07:19.220,0:07:23.539 deep south texas are not adequate to get the people out of there 0:07:23.539,0:07:27.559 so it is incumbent on us to 0:07:27.559,0:07:28.870 provide 0:07:28.870,0:07:34.050 places of safety within the neighborhood rather than trying to evacuate people 0:07:34.050,0:07:39.259 so that there there is another example of of large-scale programs for building 0:07:39.259,0:07:40.729 community shelters 0:07:40.729,0:07:44.319 and then i could name in a number of 0:07:44.319,0:07:46.180 residential 0:07:46.180,0:07:47.749 safe room 0:07:47.749,0:07:52.449 incentive grant programs to encourage homeowners 0:07:52.449,0:07:55.710 to build safe rooms 0:07:55.710,0:07:57.050 the 0:07:57.050,0:08:01.149 states local communities and FEMA are all 0:08:01.149,0:08:02.449 engaged in 0:08:02.449,0:08:03.919 the uh... 0:08:03.919,0:08:08.270 funding the design and construction of safe rooms 0:08:08.270,0:08:09.979 fema provides 0:08:09.979,0:08:13.249 some incentive grant funding for mitigation 0:08:13.249,0:08:17.169 resulting from a declared disaster 0:08:17.169,0:08:21.779 when there's a declared disaster a percentage of the funds that are spent 0:08:21.779,0:08:23.509 for relief and recovery 0:08:23.509,0:08:25.949 go into a mitigation fund 0:08:25.949,0:08:30.199 and that fund is typically then turned over to a state 0:08:30.199,0:08:32.380 emergency management office 0:08:32.380,0:08:34.390 to administer to 0:08:34.390,0:08:37.700 to say perform disaster mitigation 0:08:37.700,0:08:42.649 their responsibility is basically to provide the expertise 0:08:42.649,0:08:43.419 through this 0:08:43.419,0:08:44.830 guidelines 0:08:44.830,0:08:46.010 and to 0:08:46.010,0:08:47.900 funding 0:08:47.900,0:08:53.280 a lot of the responsibility rests with the state and local local jurisdiction for 0:08:53.280,0:08:56.970 ensuring compliance with the guidelines and standards that we have.