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  • Community Rating System: Effectiveness and Other Issues

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    In October 2002, the Inspector General presented this review of the Community Rating System. The objective of the review was to determine the effectiveness of CRS as a tool to improve local floodplain management policies and practices. The review attemped to assess the dollar amount of risk savings the program generated and its effect on the floodplain management activities of local communities. The report also presents recommendations for further enhancements to the program to increase effectiveness.
  • National Flood Insurance Program Community Rating System Special Hazards Supplement to the CRS Coordinator’s Manual

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    The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and many communities in the United States have long recognized that the mapping and minimum regulatory standards of the NFIP do not adequately address all of the flood problems in the country. In particular, a number of “special” flood hazards deserve attention. They include ice jam flooding, flooding adjacent to closed basin lakes, mudflow hazards, flooding affected by land subsidence, uncertain flow path flood hazards, coastal erosion, and tsunamis. This publication discusses the credits provided by the CRS for mapping and management of the first five of these hazards [coastal flood hazards are addressed in the publication CRS Credit for Management of Coastal Erosion Hazards, and tsunami hazards are addressed in the publication CRS Credit for Management of Tsunami Hazards].
  • National Flood Insurance Program Community Rating System CRS Credit for Outreach Projects

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    In Activity 330 (Outreach Projects), the CRS provides credit for community projects that take a proactive approach, meaning credit for projects that reach out to people and give them information, even when they do not ask for it. Activity 330 is one of the most popular CRS activities. However, many applications have included materials that receive little or no credit. The objective of this publication is to explain the CRS credit criteria and provide examples of materials that can receive credit.
  • National Flood Insurance Program Community Rating System CRS Credit for Flood Warning Programs

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    Warning time is a critical factor in mitigating flood losses. The more lead time available for appropriate action, the greater the reduction in flood damage that can be achieved. Warning systems have proven to be an efficient and effective means of reducing losses of life and property from flooding. The Community Rating System (CRS) encourages and recognizes flood warning programs that provide timely warning of impending flood threats, disseminate warnings to floodplain occupants, and coordinate flood response activities. The requirements for crediting Activity 610 are explained in the Coordinator’s Manual. This publication expands on the Coordinator’s Manual and provides examples from different local governments.
  • National Flood Insurance Program Community Rating System CRS Credit for Drainage System Maintenance

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    One of the objectives of the Community Rating System (CRS) is to encourage and recognize programs that prevent flooding caused by blockages or reduction in storage resulting from accumulations of debris. The CRS credit for inspecting the community’s drainage system and clearing it of debris is provided in Activity 540 (Drainage System Maintenance) in the CRS Coordinator’s Manual. The objective of this publication is to explain the CRS credit criteria and provide examples of a community’s drainage system maintenance program.
  • Watermark 2007, Number 1

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Lick Observatory Vegetation Management Project, University of California at Santa Cruz (February 2007)

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    The University of California at Santa Cruz (UCSC) has applied to FEMA’s Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) grant program for funding to implement a vegetation management project that will reduce future wildfire risks to the University’s Lick Observatory and associated facilities. FEMA has prepared the Final Programmatic Environmental Assessment for Typical Recurring Actions Resulting From Flood, Earthquake, Fire, Rain, and Wind Disasters in California (PEA). For this specific PDM project at UCSC to comply with the National Environmental Policy Act, a Supplemental Environmental Assessment has been prepared to tier from the PEA and fully assess the additional impacts to resources that are not adequately addressed in the PEA.
  • National Flood Insurance Program Community Rating System Activity Worksheets

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    The Community Rating System Activity Worksheets are to facilitate calculations of Community Rating System (CRS) credit points. These activity worksheets are for internal use by the community, for submittal of modifications, and for use by the ISO/CRS Specialist during verification and cycle verification of a community’s program. These worksheets are designed to be used in conjunction with the CRS Coordinator’s Manual.
  • A Comparison of the Minimum NFIP Requirements and the CRS

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    This document is Appendix D of the Community Rating System (CRS) manual. The Community Rating System provides credits for exceeding the minimum requirements of the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP). Many local officials are not sure whether their regulations exceed the NFIP requirements or just meet them. The minimum NFIP requirements for communities are spelled out in 44 CFR Parts 59–General Provisions and 60–Criteria for Land Management and Use. This Appendix compares these minimum requirements with specific CRS credits.
  • Community Rating System Publications

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    This document is Appendix E of the Community Rating System (CRS) manual and provides a list of CRS-specific publications. The appendix provides an order form and contact information.
  • Watermark Fall 2000/Winter 2001

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Watermark Spring/Summer 2000

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Designing for Earthquakes: A Manual for Architects

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    Currently no single publication exists that provides up-to-date information necessary to architects, presented in a form that is attractive, readable, and intelligible to a non-specialist audience. This revised publication will fill that gap. The present publication consists of a series of chapters that provide the foundation for an understanding of seismic design, each authored by an expert in the field. The authors were given freedom to decide the scope of their chapters; and thus this publication represents expert opinion rather than consensus. Designing for Earthquakes: a Manual for Architects is intended to explain the principles of seismic design for those without a technical background in engineering and seismology. The primary intended audience is that of architects and includes practicing architects, architectural students, and faculty in architectural schools who teach structures and seismic design.
  • Watermark Fall/Winter 1999

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Watermark Spring/Summer 1999

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Watermark Fall/Winter 1998

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Watermark Spring/Summer 1998

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Watermark Fall/Winter 1997

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • Watermark Spring/Summer 1997

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    The news publication for the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) that features updates, technical assistance, and additional flood-related articles for insurance agents, public officials, lenders, and other NFIP stakeholders.
  • CRS Credit for Higher Regulatory Standards

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    Activity 430 (Higher Regulatory Standards) is the primary CRS activity for crediting floodplain development regulations that are more restrictive than the NFIP requirements. The basic credit criteria are explained in the Coordinator’s Manual. This publication expands on those explanations and provides examples of credited regulatory language and guidance on how to calculate the credit points for Activity 430. The section numbering for this publication matches the system used in the CRS Application and the Coordinator’s Manual.

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