FEMA 427, Primer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks (2003)
This primer introduces a series of concepts that can help building designers, owners, and State and local governments mitigate the threat of hazards resulting from terrorist attacks on new buildings. FEMA 427 specifically addresses four high-population, private-sector building types: commercial office, retail, multifamily residential, and light industrial. This manual contains extensive qualitative design guidance for limiting or mitigating the effects of terrorist attacks, focusing primarily on explosions, but also addressing chemical, biological, and radiological attacks. NOTE: This publication is available free to Local and State government staff. All other interested parties must order by special request through the Government Printing Office (GPO).