Description and Intent
The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) of 1976 requires federal agencies to assess the impact that debris, debris removal, hazardous wastes, and hazardous waste clean-up projects will have on air and water quality and take actions to prevent degradation. RCRA gives EPA the authority to control hazardous waste from the "cradle-to-grave" to facilities that generate hazardous materials and sets forth a framework for the management of non-hazardous waste (42 USC, 6901). Besides generation, this includes transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. RCRA focuses only on active and future facilities.
Summary of Requirements
Although debris removal is statutorily exempted from the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), it is still subject to other laws, such as RCRA, which requires safe disposal of waste materials, promotes the recycling of waste materials, and encourages cooperation with local agencies. FEMA must monitor disaster debris removal to ensure it is in compliance with RCRA, ensure that waste materials are being recycled where appropriate, and encourage cooperation with local agencies.