Environmental Assessments (EAs) and associated documents are generated to fulfill the requirements of the NEPA. EAs are used to determine if significant environmental impacts would occur as a result of a FEMA action or a FEMA funded action.
An EA is a concise public document that serves to provide:
- sufficient evidence and analysis regarding the significance of environmental impacts of the proposed action
- alternatives to that proposal to aid in decision-making when there is an unresolved conflict in the use of resources.
An EA must address and document those areas where there is a potential to significantly affect the environment and provide the public an opportunity for involvement and input in the decision process in accordance with the law. The EA concludes with a one of two decision documents, either a Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI) or the Notice of Intent to Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).