- I.1: Determine if there are low income or minority populations in your project area
- I.2: Determining if your project has disproportionate adverse effects
- I.3: How to address adverse effects
- I.4: How to provide relevant and helpful support documentation
In 1994 it was determined that a disproportionate number of less desirable facilities such as waste treatment plants, power plants, hazardous or noxious chemical processing facilities, etc. were being located in or near minority or low income neighborhoods; neighborhoods with little or no capability to oppose such actions. Executive Order (EO) 12898 was developed to try to more equitably share the adverse impacts of such activities and facilities, at least as far as Federal or federally-funded actions are concerned. This EO directs Federal agencies to evaluate their actions to determine if there are any potential adverse human health or environmental effects, and if there are, to evaluate the affected population to determine if those adverse effects have a disproportionately high impact on minority populations or low-income populations. If such a disproportionate impact is found, the Federal agency should seek ways to minimize the impacts.