You are here: Table of Contents: Chapter 5
Chapter 5. Nonstructural Risk Reduction for New Buildings
- 5.1 Program Objectives and Scope
- 5.2 Design Considerations
- 5.3 Building Code Requirements
- 5.4 Responsibility and Project Management
Nonstructural risk reduction programs may vary depending on whether the nonstructural components in question are in an existing building, an historic facility, an essential facility, a facility containing hazardous materials, or planned for a new building. The current chapter addresses issues related to new buildings; Chapter 4 addresses issues related to existing construction. Portions of these chapters are written in parallel yet they are unique to each chapter. If portions apply to either situation, they appear only once. For instance, the material on implementation strategies appears only in Chapter 4; the material on current code requirements and code enforcement appears only in Chapter 5.
There is considerable overlap between the new and existing building categories. For instance, if an existing building undergoes a major alteration and changes to a higher use category it would be required to comply with current codes in many jurisdictions and thus the project requirements would closely resemble those for new construction. Conversely, a new building becomes an existing building as soon as the occupancy permit is issued. Thus, tenant improvements and the installation of furniture, fixtures, equipment and contents for the first occupants of a leased portion of a new building often occur after the original design team is finished and the major architectural, mechanical, electrical, and plumbing components are installed; thus, many of the problems involved in coordinating the anchorage of the tenants’ components with preexisting components are the same as for a project in an older existing building.
Historic buildings, essential buildings such as police and fire stations, or facilities that handle hazardous materials have special requirements that are typically more complex than those for ordinary occupancies. While some issues related to these types of facilities are mentioned here, the treatment of nonstructural components in these facilities is beyond the scope of this guide. The list of references and additional sources of information may help address these issues for specialized facilities.