FEMA E-74 Appendix D. Nonstructural Earthquake Hazards Checklists

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Appendix D. Nonstructural Earthquake Hazards Checklists

How to Use the Checklists

Each checklist is intended to be used in surveying buildings to assess whether the nonstructural elements (architectural, MEP, FF&E, or contents) pose a danger to the building occupants or are likely to cause financial loss or interruption following an earthquake.

Each checklist of nonstructural hazards is intended for use in areas where seismic hazards are a significant concern. Review the discussion in Chapter 1.3 for the applicability of these nonstructural guidelines and the sidebar in Chapter 5.3.1 for rules regarding exemptions from the nonstructural provisions in Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and other Structures (ASCE/SEI 7-10) that apply to new construction.

Each form includes eight columns marked as follows:

  • Item No.: ID number to indicate the type of component (architectural, MEP, FF&E or contents) and the subgroup. These numbers are based on the section or subsection in this text and as shown in the tables in Chapter 6.
  • Example No.: Example number. All examples, which contain photos and detailed drawings when applicable, can be found in Chapter 6.
  • Component Name(s): Name or description of item.
  • Principal Concerns: List of problems often associated with this type of item such as falling hazard, water or fuel leakage, broken glass. These concerns should be taken into account when answering the checklist questions. For example, the primary concern for adhered veneer is that it may pose a falling hazard. If a facility has adhered veneer, but only at the base of the building below 6 ft, then this might be checked "Compliance" if the purpose of the survey is to identify life safety hazards or might be rated "Noncompliance" if the survey is also intended to help control property damage and limit losses.
  • Compliance (C): The questions in the form have been stated in such a way that an affirmative answer indicates that the item is not likely to pose a nonstructural hazard.
  • Noncompliance (NC): The questions in the checklists are stated in such a way that the answer "No" or "Unknown" indicates that the component may be noncompliant and likely to pose a nonstructural earthquake hazard. All of the noncompliant components should be entered as individual line items on the facility inventory form in Appendix A. Comments should be entered in the survey form noting the location, condition, presence or absence of anchorage details, proximity to other hazardous items, issues with secondary damage such as leaks or hazardous materials release, and whether the component in question is important for functionality of the facility.
  • Not Applicable (NA): This column should be checked if none of the listed items are present and has been included so it is clear the item was not missed or overlooked when performing the survey.
  • Checklist Questions: Questions are all "Yes-No" questions, which are answered by checking the appropriate box from among the previous three columns.

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Last Updated: 
07/24/2014 - 16:00
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