FEMA E-74 Appendix G. Table G-5 Recent and Ongoing Research Related to Nonstructural Components

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Appendix G. Table G-5 Recent and Ongoing Research Related to Nonstructural Components

Table G-5 Recent and Ongoing Research Related to Nonstructural Components
Document Number/Source Title Author(s) Publication Date Comments
8NCEE-002034 Enhancing the Resilience of Acute Care Facilities: An Overview of MCEER Research Filiatrault, A., et al. 2006 Paper at 8th National Conference on Earthquake Engineering, San Francisco, California.
13WCEE-00295 Overturning Criteria for Non-Anchored Non-Symmetric Rigid Bodies Boroschek, R.L., and Romo, D. 2004 Theoretical discussion of the effect of non-symmetric bodies subjected to overturning. Paper at 13th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering, Vancouver, B.C., Canada.
ATC-29 Proceedings of a Seminar on Seismic Design and Performance of Equipment and Nonstructural Elements in Buildings and Industrial Structures   1992 Includes information on seismic design, performance, and research pertaining to nonstructural components. Funded by the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research and the National Science Foundation.
ATC-29-1 Proceedings of a Seminar on Seismic Design, Retrofit, and Performance of Nonstructural Components   1998 Includes information on seismic design, performance, and research pertaining to nonstructural components. Funded by the National Center for Earthquake Engineering Research and the National Science Foundation.
ATC-29-2 Proceedings of Seminar on Seismic Design, Performance, and Retrofit of Nonstructural Components in Critical Facilities   2003 Focused principally on nonstructural components and systems in facilities with critical functions. Includes information on the state of the art, state of the practice and efforts needed to improve both. Prepared in cooperation with the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, and funded by the National Science Foundation.
ATC-38 Database on the Performance of Structures Near Strong-Motion Recordings: 1994 Northridge, California, Earthquake   2001 Effort to correlate structural and nonstructural damage with ground motion parameters recorded during the 1994 Northridge Earthquake. Report includes a CD-ROM with Access database, Excel files, text files and collection of over 500 photos. Database includes some nonstructural damage data in the following categories: "cladding separation or damage," “partitions damage," "windows damage," "lights and ceilings damage" and "Building Contents Damage." Most photos do not show damage, but provide an overview of the building from street. Report also includes the ATC-38 Postearthquake Building Performance Assessment Form and Surveyor Instructions. Nonstructural categories include Exterior Cladding/Glazing; Partitions; Ceilings; Plumbing, Electrical, Lighting, HVAC; Fire Protection; Major Fixed Equipment, Elevators, Chimneys and Unusual Contents.
ATC-58 Proceedings: Mini-Workshop/Invited Meeting on the Identification of Nonstructural Components of Significance   2005 ATC-58 Project workshop focusing on the selection of a nonstructural component taxonomy and identifying nonstructural components that are significant to the estimation of casualty, direct economic and downtime losses from earthquake damage.
ATC-58 Guidelines for Seismic Performance Assessment of Buildings, ATC-58 35% Complete Draft   2007 Interim report on methodology for seismic performance assessment of new and existing buildings. Methodology will be applicable to most common building types designed and constructed in the United States within the past 50 years and will estimate losses in terms of causalities, direct economic losses and downtime as a result of earthquake damage. Loss estimation is based on fragility curves, which will be provided for both structural and nonstructural components.
FEMA 349 Action Plan for Performance Based Seismic Design   2000 Predecessor document to FEMA 445. Prepared by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute for FEMA.
FEMA 445 Next-Generation Performance-Based Seismic Design Guidelines: Program Plan for New and Existing Buildings   2006 Describes how performance-based seismic design guidelines will be developed under the ATC-58 Project. Section 4.2 refers specifically to the development of nonstructural performance products.
EERI Learning from Earthquakes: a Survey of Surveys. Porter, K. 2002 Taken from an EERI Invitational Workshop: An Action Plan to Develop Earthquake Damage and Loss Data Protocols, September 19-20, 2002, Doubletree Hotel, Pasadena, California.
MCEER ASHRAE Consortium Investigates Performance of Roof-Top Air Handling Unit   Future MCEER’s ASHRAE Consortium is beginning Phase II studies involving shake table testing of a rigidly anchored and vibration isolated roof-top air handling unit. Testing will begin in March 2008 in the Structural Engineering and Earthquake Simulation Laboratory (SEESL) at the University at Buffalo. Studies will focus on developing a specialized numerical model capable of analyzing the seismic response of various types of HVAC equipment mounted on ASHRAE-type isolation/restraint systems.
MCEER Seismic Vulnerability and Protection of Nonstructural Components T.T. Soong and D. Lopez Garcia 2003 Addresses seismic vulnerability and protection strategies. Divides nonstructural items into 3 categories: Unrestrained Nonstructural Components; Restrained Nonstructural components and Nonstructural Systems, which consist of systems of nonstructural components. Cites examples of fragility curves developed for each category. Contains discussion of both damping systems and isolation systems as protection strategies. Ends with recommendations for 6 tasks: (1) Develop a Catalog of Nonstructural Components, Systems and Contents; (2) Identify Nonstructural Performance Measures; (3) Identify Engineering Demand Parameters; (4) Develop Damage Database; (5) Establish Comprehensive Testing and Certification Protocols and (6) Performance Evaluation Case Studies/Test bed Checks.
MCEER-99-0014 MCEER Nonstructural Damage Database Kao, A., and Soong, T.T. 1999 Database of earthquake damage to nonstructural elements.
MCEER-05-0005 “Simulation of Strong Ground Motions for Seismic Fragility Evaluation of Nonstructural Components in Hospitals” Wanitkorkul, A. and Filiatrault, A. 2005 Published by the Multidisciplinary Center for Earthquake Engineering Research, University at Buffalo, State University of New York.
MCEER-06-0001 Seismic Fragility of Suspended Ceiling Systems Badillo-Almaraz, Whittaker, Reinhorn, Cimellaro 2006 Report on testing of Armstrong ceiling systems. Concludes that compression bars and retention clips help in the behavior of ceilings and that undersized tiles are a detriment.
PEER 1998/05 Rocking Response and Overturning of Equipment Under Horizontal Pulse-Type Motions N. Makris, Y. Roussos 1998 Published by the Pacific Earthquake Engineering Research Center, Berkeley, California.
PEER 1999/06 Rocking Response and Overturning of Anchored Equipment under Seismic Excitations N. Makris, J. Zhang 1999 Results of shake table testing.
PEER 2001/14 Rocking Response of Equipment Anchored to a Base Foundation N. Makris, C. Black 2001 Example of PEER research related to Lifelines. PEER has done series of tests funded by PG&E on electrical substation equipment including rigid bus connectors, flexible bus connectors, transformer bushings and heavy substation equipment.
PEER 2002/01 Nonstructural Loss Estimation: The UC Berkeley Case Study M. Comerio, J. Stallmeyer 2002 Case studies of loss estimation for five University of California Berkeley campus buildings. Includes a table (Table 10) showing costs assumed for many types of equipment and photos of lab equipment.
PEER 2002/05 Guidelines, Specifications, and Seismic Performance Characterization of Nonstructural Building Components and Equipment Filiatrault, A., Christopoulus, C, and Stearns, C. 2001 Contents include chapters on nonstructural earthquake damage. Nonstructural items are divided into 5 groups: contents; building service equipment; building utilization equipment; interior architectural elements and exterior architectural elements. Overview of various design guidelines and inventory of previous analytical and experimental studies. Includes recommendations and comprehensive list of references.
PEER 2003/05 Response Assessment of Nonstructural Building Elements S. Taghavi, E. Miranda 2003 Proposes a taxonomy (classification) of nonstructural elements by functionality, modes of failure, acceleration-sensitive or drift-sensitive response parameter and repercussions of damage. Provides damageability, cost and loss data for 200 elements. Includes a Nonstructural Damage Inventory Form used following the Nisqually Earthquake.
PEER 2003/12 Implementation Manual for the Seismic Protection of Laboratory Contents: Format and Case Studies W. Holmes, M. Comerio 2003 Presents case studies for University of California Berkeley campus labs. Suggests format for User's Manual that could be used to help occupants install do-it-yourself details for a particular facility.
PEER 2005/03 A Taxonomy of Building Components for Performance-Based Earthquake Engineering Porter, Keith 2005 Provides a detailed taxonomy (classification) of nonstructural components. Each component is assigned a unique identification number. The list differentiates between anchored and unanchored versions of the same item.
PEER 2005/05 Performance Characterization of Bench- and Shelf-Mounted Equipment S. Chaudhuri and T. Hutchinson| 2005  
PEER 2005/07 Experimental and Analytical Studies on the Seismic Response of Freestanding and Anchored Laboratory Equipment D. Konstantinidis, N. Makris 2005 Shake table testing of equipment.
PEER 2005/12 PEER Test bed Study on a Laboratory Building: Exercising Seismic Performance Assessment M. Comerio 2005 Test bed performance assessment of the UC Science Building linking performance of contents to operational failure. Shows the interdependence of building structure, systems and contents in performance assessment and highlights where further research is needed.
SUNY Buffalo Nonstructural Components Simulator (NCS).   Future Specialized equipment for testing nonstructural components. University at Buffalo's NEES (UB-NEES) facility is commissioning a dedicated Nonstructural Component Simulator (NCS). The NCS is a modular and versatile two-level platform for experimental performance evaluation of nonstructural components and equipment under realistic full scale floor motions. NCS can provide the dynamic stroke necessary to replicate full-scale displacements, velocities and accelerations at the upper levels of multi-story buildings during earthquake shaking. Both displacement sensitive and acceleration sensitive nonstructural components and equipment can be experimentally evaluated under full-scale floor motions to understand, quantify and control their seismic response.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2004-02 “Shake Table Testing of Frazier Industrial Storage Pallet Racks” Filiatrault, A. and Wanitkorkul, A. 2004 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2005-01 “Seismic Qualification By Shake Table Testing of a Centrifugal Liquid Chiller according to AC-156 Testing Protocol” Filiatrault, A. and Wanitkorkul, A. 2005 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2005-03 “Shake Table Testing of Ridg-U-Rak Rigid Based and Ridg-U-Rak Patent Pending Base Isolated Industrial Storage Racks” Filiatrault, A., Wanitkorkul, A. and Seo, J-M. 2005 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2005-05 “Seismic Qualification of a Centrifugal Liquid Chiller by Shake Table Testing" Filiatrault, A. and Wanitkorkul, A. 2005 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2006-05 “Experimental Seismic Performance Evaluation of ASRAE-Type Isolation/Restraint Systems” Fathali, S. and Filiatrault, A. 2006 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2006-07 “Shake Table Testing of Ridg-U-Rak Rigid Based and Ridg-U-Rak Patent Pending Base Isolated Industrial Storage Racks: Production Unit Testing” Filiatrault, A., and Wanitkorkul, A. 2006 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
SUNY Buffalo, CSEE-SEESL-2006-19 “Shake Table Testing of Ridg-U-Rak Rigid Based and Ridg-U-Rak Patent Pending Base Isolated Industrial Storage Racks: Final Production Unit Testing” Filiatrault, A., and Wanitkorkul, A. 2006 Published by the University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, New York.
University of Chile Controlled Overturning of Unanchored Rigid Bodies Boroschek, R.L., and Iruretagoyena, A.   Review of test results for equipment on an inclined surface. Results show that an incline can force overturning to occur in a preferred direction. For example, a 3-degree angle will result in an 89% probability that blocks will overturn in that direction. Could be useful information for keeping contents on shelves.

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