FEMA E-74 Appendix G. Table G-2 Guidance Documents Related to Nonstructural Components

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Appendix G. Table G-2 Guidance Documents Related to Nonstructural Components

Table G-2 Guidance Documents Related to Nonstructural Components
Document Number/Source Title Publication Date Relevant Sections Comments
ASHRAE RP-812 A Practical Guide to Seismic Restraint 1999   Published by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia.
ASHRAE /SMACNA Seismic Restraint Applications CD-ROM 2002   Provides technical information for design and installation of seismic restraints for HVAC equipment, piping and ducts. Includes representative bracing details, layout examples and tables. Consists of portions of the following documents: SMACNA's Seismic Restraint Manual: Guidelines for Mechanical Systems; ASHRAE's Handbook - HVAC Applications (2003) and ASHRAE's A Practical Guide to Seismic Restraint. Produced by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. and the Sheet Metal and Air Conditioning Contractors' National Association.
CISCA 1991 Recommendations for Direct-Hung Acoustical and Lay-in Panel Ceilings, Seismic Zones 0-2 1991   Industry standards for ceilings in low seismic zones. Published by Ceilings and Interior Systems Construction Association, Deerfield, Illinois.
CISCA 1990 Recommendations for Direct-Hung Acoustical and Lay-in Panel Ceilings, Seismic Zones 3-4 1990   Industry standards for ceilings in high seismic zones. Published by Ceilings and Interior Systems Construction Association, Deerfield, Illinois.
DGS, DSA (California ) Guide and Checklist for Nonstructural Earthquake Hazards in California Schools     Identifies potential hazards associated with nonstructural components and provides recommendations to mitigate hazards. Includes typical details and a nonstructural earthquake hazards checklist. Published by the California State Department of General Services, Division of the State Architect and the Governor’s Office of Emergency Services, Sacramento, California.
DOISSP Nonstructural Hazards Rehabilitation Guidelines; Vol. I; Guidelines Usage, Architectural, Mechanical, Electrical, Plumbing     Contains guidance gathered from various sources, both public and private sources. Includes both proprietary and non-proprietary details. Published by the Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation, Seismic Safety Program (DOISSP), Washington, D.C.
DOISSP Nonstructural Hazards Rehabilitation Guidelines; Vol. II; Furnishings, Interior Equipment, Miscellaneous Components, Mobile Homes, Manufactured Homes, FEMA 273, FEMA 310, FEMA 178, & ASCE 31-xx Excerpts     Contains guidance gathered from various sources, both public and private sources. Includes both proprietary and non-proprietary details. Published by the Department of the Interior Bureau of Reclamation, Seismic Safety Program (DOISSP), Washington, D.C.
EERI 84-04 Nonstructural Issues of Seismic Design and Construction 1984   Results of workshop including invited papers on nonstructural issues. Published by the Earthquake Engineering Research Institute, Oakland, California.
FEMA Instructor's Guide for Nonstructural Earthquake Mitigation for Hospitals and other Health Care facilities. 1988   Materials for course given by Emergency Management Institute, Emmitsburg, Maryland.
FEMA Final Report, Nonstructural Earthquake Mitigation Guidance Manual. 2004   Based on FEMA Region X Earthquake Hazard Mitigation Handbook for Public Facilities, 2002. Includes flowcharts, step-by-step procedures and some details. Divides nonstructural components into four groups: contents, exterior building elements, interior building elements and building utilities. Prepared by URS Group, Inc. for FEMA.
FEMA Region X Earthquake Hazard Mitigation Handbook 2002    
FEMA 74 Reducing the Risks of Nonstructural Earthquake Damage: A Practical Guide. Third Edition 1994   Successor document to previous editions of FEMA 74, first published in 1985.
FEMA 74-FM Earthquake Hazard Mitigation for Nonstructural Elements, Field Manual 2005   Includes three types of details: Non-Engineered, Prescriptive and Engineered. Contains more details than FEMA 74, along with a field data sheet based on the FEMA 74 checklist.
FEMA 150 Seismic Considerations: Health Care Facilities 1990   Published by the Federal Emergency Management Agency, Washington, D.C.
FEMA 172 NEHRP Handbook of Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings 1992 Chapters 5, 6 Relevant chapters include details for electrical cabinets, chimneys, parapets, masonry partitions, raised access floors and mechanical equipment.
FEMA 178 NEHRP Handbook for the Seismic Evaluation of Existing Buildings 1992 Section 10.5 Predecessor document to FEMA 310.
FEMA 232 Homebuilders' Guide to Earthquake-Resistant Design and Construction 2006   Includes details based on the 1994 edition of FEMA 74.
FEMA 273 NEHRP Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings 1997   Predecessor document to FEMA 356.
FEMA 310 Handbook for the Seismic Evaluation of Buildings - A Prestandard 1998 Sections 3.9, 4.2.7, 4.8, and Table 4-9 Predecessor document to SEI/ASCE 31-03. Relevant sections describe evaluation procedures for existing nonstructural components. Includes comprehensive checklists of potential nonstructural hazards.
FEMA 356 Prestandard and Commentary for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings 2000 Chapter 11 Successor document to FEMA 273/274, and predecessor to ASCE/SEI 31-03. Relevant chapter describes design procedures for the rehabilitation of existing nonstructural components, and a table identifying nonstructural component types and their applicability to different performance objectives.
FEMA 389 Communicating with Owners and Managers of New Buildings on Earthquake Risk: A Primer for Design Professionals 2004    
FEMA 395 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of School Buildings (K-12): Providing Protection to People and Buildings 2003   Includes a table of "Nonstructural Seismic Performance Improvements" (page C-21) that lists possible seismic performance improvements that could be undertaken on nonstructural components common to school occupancies.
FEMA 396 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Hospital Buildings: Providing Protection to People and Buildings 2003   Includes a table of "Nonstructural Seismic Performance Improvements" (page C-23) that lists possible seismic performance improvements that could be undertaken on nonstructural components common to hospital occupancies.
FEMA 397 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Office Buildings: Providing Protection to People and Buildings 2003   Includes a table of "Nonstructural Seismic Performance Improvements" (page C-24) that lists possible seismic performance improvements that could be undertaken on nonstructural components common to office occupancies.
FEMA 398 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Multifamily Apartment Buildings: Providing Protection to People and Buildings 2004   Includes a table of "Nonstructural Seismic Performance Improvements" (page C-22) that lists possible seismic performance improvements that could be undertaken on nonstructural components common to multifamily apartment occupancies.
FEMA 399 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Retail Buildings: Providing Protection to People and Buildings 2004   Includes a table of "Nonstructural Seismic Performance Improvements" (page C-22) that lists possible seismic performance improvements that could be undertaken on nonstructural components common to retail occupancies.
FEMA 400 Incremental Seismic Rehabilitation of Hotel and Motel Buildings 2005   Includes a table of "Nonstructural Seismic Performance Improvements" (page C-23) that lists possible seismic performance improvements that could be undertaken on nonstructural components common to hotel and motel occupancies.
FEMA 412 Installing Seismic Restraints for Mechanical Equipment 2002   Includes numerous elaborate details and many recommendations for seismic restraint of mechanical equipment.
FEMA 413 Installing Seismic Restraints for Electrical Equipment 2004   Includes numerous elaborate details and many recommendations for seismic restraint of electrical equipment.
FEMA 414 Installing Seismic Restraints for Duct and Pipe 2004   Includes numerous elaborate details and many recommendations for seismic restraint of duct and piping components.
FEMA 424 Design Guide for Improving School Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds 2004   Includes pictures of nonstructural damage (pages 4-17 through 4-19, 4‑23, 4-24, 4-30, 4-31); a list of types of nonstructural components (page 4-59); graphics for ceilings, shelves and walls (pages 4-60 and 4‑61).
FEMA 433 Using HAZUS-MH for Risk Assessment: How-To Guide 2004    
FEMA 445 Next-Generation Performance-Based Seismic Design Guidelines: Program Plan for New and Existing Buildings 2006 Section 4.2 Describes how performance-based seismic design guidelines will be developed under the ATC-58 Project. Section 4.2 refers specifically to the development of nonstructural performance products.
FEMA 450 NEHRP Recommended Provisions for Seismic Regulations for New Buildings and Other Structures, Part 1 and 2: Provisions and Commentary 2004 Chapters 6, 6A, and Commentary Provides criteria for the design and construction of structures to resist earthquake ground motions. Relevant chapters include prescriptive requirements for the design of architectural, mechanical, electrical and piping components.
FEMA 452 A How-To Guide to Mitigate Potential Terrorist Attacks Against Buildings 2005    
FEMA 454 Designing for Earthquakes: A Manual for Architects 2006 Section 6.6, Chapter 9 Discussion of code issues including nonstructural issues. Contains a collection of photos and generic details borrowed from various sources including: FEMA 74; details developed for the Lawrence Livermore National Lab and the SMACNA Guidelines. Includes a discussion on the need for systems engineering, considering all parts of the building as a whole. Provides a checklist (Table 9-3) showing allocation of design responsibilities for nonstructural systems and components.
FEMA 460 Seismic Considerations for Steel Storage Racks Located in Areas Accessible to the Public 2005   Includes: a review of the performance of storage racks in past earthquakes; a history of the development of codes and standards used for storage rack design; current storage rack design practices; guidance on recommended performance goals and design requirements for storage racks; guidelines for implementation/responsibilities associated with the specification, procurement and installation of pallet storage racks; suggested guidance for securing contents; recommendations for operations and use; suggested guidance for quality assurance programs; a discussion of current and past storage rack research and testing; suggestions for post-earthquake inspections and proposed modifications to seismic design provisions and standards for racks.
FEMA 461 Interim Protocols for Determining Seismic Performance Characteristics of Structural and Nonstructural Components 2007   Provides an interim protocol for testing of building components to establish their performance capability in the form of fragility functions. Fragility functions are used to assess the seismic performance of individual components, systems incorporating these components and buildings containing these systems and components that are subjected to earthquake shaking. Protocols are not intended for seismic performance qualification testing of nonstructural components required by the building code, although the loading protocols could be used for that purpose.
FEMA 577 Design Guide for Improving Hospital Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds: Providing Protection to People and Buildings 2007    
FEMA 582 Design Guide for Improving Commercial Buildings Safety in Earthquakes, Floods, and High Winds Future    
John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Earthquakes, an Architect's Guide to Nonstructural Seismic Hazards 1990   Target audience is architects. Written by H.J. Lagorio. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, New York.
OCIPEP (Canada) Seismic Hazard Assessment and Mitigation for Buildings’ Functional and Operational Components: A Canadian Perspective 2002   Contains figures and photos from various sources, including FEMA 74. Includes damage photos from 1999 Chi Chi, Taiwan Earthquake: damage to rooftop equipment (page 19); collapse of free-standing non-structural wall (page 20) and damage to sprinkler systems. Prepared by the Department of Civil Engineering, University of Ottowa, for the Office of Critical Infrastructure Protection and Emergency Preparedness (OCIPEP), Ontario, Canada.
Oregon Emergency Management Earthquake Preparedness and Mitigation Guidance for Oregon State Agency Offices and Warehouses 2004   Focuses on office and warehouse occupancies, with special attention to storage racks. Includes photos and guidance including shrink-wrap and netting to mitigate potential falling hazards. Provides some specific information on performance of furniture by specific vendors (Hayworth, Steelcase, and Artmet).
Pan American Health Organization Principles of Disaster Mitigation in Health Facilities 2000 Chapter 3 Includes guidance on assessing and mitigating seismic vulnerabilities of nonstructural components. Published by the Pan American Health Organization, Regional Office of the World Health Organization, Washington, D.C.
Salt Lake City School District Seismic Design Criteria of Nonstructural Systems For New School Facilities And Existing School Facilities 2001   Developed under a FEMA “Project Impact” Grant. Intended for use on new school design projects and seismic retrofit projects in the Salt Lake City School District. Establishes minimum design procedures, general detailing requirements, design approval procedures and construction inspection procedures for nonstructural items. The design engineer or architect is responsible for development of project specific nonstructural details. Some requirements exceed the minimum standards given in the Uniform Building Code (UBC).
Seattle Public Schools School Facilities Manual: Nonstructural Protection Guide. Safer Schools, Earthquake Hazards, Nonstructural. Second Edition 2000   Includes detailed inventory form and details not included in FEMA 74.
University of California, Berkeley UC Berkeley: Q-Brace Quake Bracing Guidelines 2005   Guidelines developed for University of California, Berkeley campus facilities. Includes detailed solutions for contents identifying vendor supplied products or size of hardware to use.
USACERL TR-98/34 Seismic Mitigation for Equipment at Army Medical Centers 1998   Presents simple methods for reducing the seismic vulnerability of equipment at Army medical centers. Illustrations, observations and recommendations are based on examples from Madigan Army Medical Center (MAMC). Concerns about particular well-anchored critical medical equipment are presented. Published by the U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories.
USACE, Engineering and Support Center Seismic Protection for Mechanical Equipment     Presentation on procedures to design seismic supports of equipment, piping and ducts; includes force coefficients and methods to calculate forces. Also includes a list of references useful as guidelines for the design.
VISCMA Understanding the 2000 IBC Code (Architectural Components and Equipment Restraint) 2005   Available at VISCMA Publications.
VISCMA The Pitfalls of Combining Internal & External Equipment Isolation 2003   Explains problems associated with utilizing both internal and external isolation in equipment. Shows that performance is better if only external isolation is used. Available at VISCMA Publications.

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