Mitigation is the effort to reduce loss of life and property by lessening the impact of disasters. Mitigation is taking action now—before the next disaster—to reduce human and financial consequences later (analyzing risk, reducing risk, insuring against risk). Effective mitigation requires that we all understand local risks, address the hard choices, and invest in long-term community well-being. Without mitigation actions, we jeopardize our safety, financial security, and self-reliance.
Analyze Risk - Flood Hazard Mapping
ABFE – Advisory Base Flood Elevations
Reflects the best available data to identify the current flood risk. Although temporary, ABFE maps are based on sound science and engineering, and are derived from more recent data and improved study methodologies compared to the existing Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRM). For New Jersey these maps are available in Atlantic, Bergen, Burlington, Cape May, Essex, Hudson, Middlesex, Monmouth, Ocean, and Union counties.
To make this information as accessible as possible and to see how these maps may impact you, the ABFE maps may be viewed by a specific address to see the recommendations for rebuilding. In addition there are frequently asked questions and answers and we encourage subscribing to Region 2 ABFE news to receive flood map updates.
All of this information is available on www.region2coastal.com/sandy/abfe
State, Indian Tribal, and local officials develop and adopt mitigation plans to meet the requirements of the Stafford Act. The Multi-Hazard Mitigation Planning Guidance provides the official guidance on these requirements and procedures for approval of hazard mitigation plans. The core steps in the graphic below show the process to complete a mitigation plan.
HMGP – Hazard Mitigation Grant Program
HMGP can be used to fund projects to protect either public or private property, as long as the project fits within State and local government mitigation strategies to address areas of risk and complies with HMGP guidelines.
FEMA provides a variety of hazard mitigation grants to states and communities. To learn more, see the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Grant Programs Fact Sheet, http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=3648
Insuring Against Risk
NFIP – National Flood Insurance Program
The NFIP is designed to provide access to federally backed flood insurance protection for property owners in communities who participate in the NFIP. These communities agree to adopt and enforce floodplain management ordinances to reduce future flood risks.
NFIP personnel conduct outreach and education programs on many topics, such as: substantial damage/substantial improvement, increased cost of compliance (ICC), mitigation (which includes elevation, relocation, and demolish/rebuild), and recommended residential construction for coastal areas.
For additional information contact:
- Your local Floodplain Administrator
- National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) Help Center, 1-800-427-4661
- FloodSmart, 1-888-379-9531 or visit www.floodsmart.gov
Answers to Questions about the NFIP - Provides a basic understanding of the NFIP and answers the most common questions.
NFIP Summary of Coverage - Provides general information about deductibles, what is and is not covered by flood insurance, and how items are valued at time of loss.
Flood Insurance Claims Handbook - Provides policyholders tips about what to do before and after a flood, including filing a claim, and the steps involved in appealing a denied claim.
Answers to Questions about Substantially Damaged Buildings - Provides guidance on how to properly determine if a building is substantially damaged in accordance with the National Flood Insurance Program regulations.
Increased Cost of Compliance - Provides general overview of ICC for NFIP policy holders.
FEMA Building Sciences - Rebuilding Stronger, Safer, Smarter
FEMA has multiple publications and websites with information to help you and communities rebuild to be more resilient and disaster resistant.
FEMA Building Science Resources to Assist with Reconstruction After Sandy - This flyer summarizes a few of the readily available publications and resources that can be used by homeowners during reconstruction following Hurricane Sandy.
Homebuilder's Guide to Coastal Construction - This document is a series of fact sheets to present information aimed at improving the performance of buildings subject to flood and wind forces in coastal environments.
Homeowner's Guide to Retrofitting - This guide is for homeowners who want to know how to protect their homes from flooding. As a homeowner, you need clear information about the options available to you and straightforward guidance that will help you make decisions.
Above the Flood: Elevating Your Floodprone Home - Provides examples on elevations.
Protecting Your Home and Property from Flood Damage - Provides ideas for mitigation actions, including installing backflow valves, elevating utilities.
Protecting Building Utilities from Flood Damage - This guide is to assist in the construction of buildings with building utility systems that are designed and built so that the buildings can be re-occupied and fully operational as soon as electricity and sewer and water are restored to the neighborhood.
Wind Retrofit Guide for Residential Buildings - The purpose of this document is to serve as guidance on retrofitting existing buildings for improved performance during high-wind events in all coastal regions.
Hurricane Sandy - Building Science Activities and Resources - http://www.fema.gov/building-science/hurricane-sandy-building-science-activities-resources
Residential Coastal Construction - http://www.fema.gov/residential-coastal-construction
FEMA collects Mitigation success stories and encourages the public to share their stories. To review stories from other residents, visit the Best Practice Portfolio. Here are stories we have collected from Hurricane Sandy so far:
Mantoloking Home Survives Sandy - Taking steps 30 years ago, a Mantoloking homeowner elevates his home.
Mitigation of Utilities in Older Home Prevents Damages - An owner uses quick disconnects to avoid damages.
Flood Vents, Elevation, and Compliance: Homeowners Protect Their Investment - Homeowners make the choice to elevate an extra 1 1/2 feet and add flood vents.