This page lists the metadata about our Disaster Declarations Summary API data feed.
FEMA Disaster Declarations Summary is a summarized dataset describing all federally declared disasters. This dataset lists all official FEMA Disaster Declarations, beginning with the first disaster declaration in 1953 and features all three disaster declaration types: major disaster, emergency, and fire management assistance. The dataset includes declared recovery programs and geographic areas (county not available before 1964; Fire Management records are considered partial due to historical nature of the dataset).
Please note the unique structure of the disaster sequencing (due to a numbering system that originated in the 1950's-1970's):
0001-1999 Major Disaster Declaration
2000-2999 Fire Management
3000-3999 Emergency Declaration (Special Emergency)
4000- Major Disaster Declaration
A Major Disaster can be a result of hurricanes, earthquakes, flood, tornados or major fires; the President then determines warrants supplemental federal aid. The event must be clearly more than state or local governments can handle alone. If declared, funding comes from the President's Disaster Relief Fund, managed by FEMA and disaster aid programs of other participating federal agencies. A Presidential Major Disaster Declaration puts into motion long-term federal recovery programs, some of which are matched by state programs and designed to help disaster victims, businesses and public entities. An Emergency Declaration is more limited in scope and without the long-term federal recovery programs of a Major Disaster Declaration. Generally, federal assistance and funding are provided to meet a specific emergency need or to help prevent a major disaster from occurring.
This is raw, unedited data from FEMA's National Emergency Management Information System (NEMIS) and as such is subject to a small percentage of human error. The dataset is primarily composed of historical data that was manually entered into NEMIS. The NEMIS system started in 1998. The financial information is derived from NEMIS and not FEMA's official financial systems.
Due to differences in reporting periods, status of obligations, and how business rules are applied, this financial information may differ slightly from official publication on public websites such as usaspending.gov. This dataset is not intended to be used for any official federal financial reporting.
OpenFEMA - firstname.lastname@example.org
disaster, declaration, fema, nemis, emergency
|id||ID||string||Unique ID assigned to the record|
|declarationDate||Declaration Date||date||Date the disaster was declared.|
|declaredCountyArea||Declared County Area||string||The name or phrase describing the U.S. county that was included in the declaration.|
|disasterCloseOutDate||Disaster Close Out Date||date||Date all financial transactions for all programs are completed.|
|disasterNumber||Disaster Number||number||Sequentially assigned number used to designate an event or incident declared as a disaster. For more information on the disaster process, http://www.fema.gov|
|disasterType||Disaster Type||string||Two character code that defines if this is a major disaster, fire management or emergency declaration. For more information on the disaster process, please visit: http://www.fema.gov|
|hmProgramDeclared||HM Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Hazard Mitigation program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: http://www.fema.gov|
|iaProgramDeclared||IA Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Individual Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: http://www.fema.gov|
|ihProgramDeclared||IH Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Individuals and Households program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: http://www.fema.gov|
|incidentBeginDate||Incident Begin Date||date||Date the incident itself began.|
|incidentEndDate||Incident End Date||date||Date the incident itself ended.|
|incidentType||Incident Type||string||Type of incident such as fire or flood. The incident type will affect the types of assistance available. For more information on incident types, please visit: http://www.fema.gov|
|paProgramDeclared||PA Program Declared||boolean||Denotes whether the Public Assistance program was declared for this disaster. For more information on the program, please visit: http://www.fema.gov|
|state||State||string||The name or phrase describing the U.S. state, district, or territory.|
|title||Title||string||Title for the disaster.|
|placeCode||Place Code||date||Place Code: Is a unique code system FEMA uses internally to recognize locations that takes the numbers “99” + the 3-digit county FIPS code. There are some declared locations that don’t have recognized FIPS county codes in which case we assigned a unique identifier.|
|lastRefresh||Last Refresh||date||Date the record was last updated in the API data store|
|hash||Hash||string||A MD5 Hash of fields and values of the record.|