Federal Emergency Management Agency

MAT Reports (23)

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Mitigation Assessment Team Reports (MAT)
Collection Created:
August 10, 2013
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  • FEMA 342, Building Performance Assessment Team Report - Midwest Tornadoes of May 3, 1999

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    In response to the disasters caused by the May 3 tornadoes, FEMA deployed a Building Performance Assessment Team (BPAT), composed of national experts in engineering, architecture, meteorology, and planning, to Oklahoma and Kansas. The mission of the BPAT was to assess the performance of buildings affected by the tornadoes, investigate losses, and describe the lessons learned. This report presents the BPATs observations, conclusions, and recommendations, which are intended to help communities, businesses, and individuals reduce future injuries and the loss of life and property resulting from tornadoes and other high-wind events.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=6161.

  • FEMA 339, Building Performance Assessment Team (BPAT) Report - Hurricane Georges in Puerto Rico (1999)

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    This report presents FEMA's Building Performance Assessment Team's (BPAT) observations on the success and failure of buildings in Puerto Rico in withstanding the wind and flood forces generated by Hurricane Georges. In addition, the seismic resistance of some of the buildings observed was assessed. Recommendations to improve building performance in future natural disasters and mitigation success stories in Puerto Rico are included.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=6143.

  • FEMA 488, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Charley in Florida (2005)

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    This report summarizes the observations, conclusions, and recommendations of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) deployed by FEMA on August 19, 2004, in response to Hurricane Charley. The team assessed damage across the width of the storm track, from its landfall near the communities on Sanibel and Captiva Islands to inland areas around Orlando. The MAT visited the following towns: Port Charlotte, Punta Gorda, Punta Gorda Isles, Sanibel Island, Captiva Island, North Captiva Island, Fort Myers Beach, Bokeelia/Pine Island, Cape Coral, Arcadia, Gardner, Zolfo Springs, Wauchula, Bowling Green, Fort Meade, Lake Wales, and Orlando.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27457.

  • FEMA 490, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Summary Report on Building Performance 2004 Hurricane Season (2005)

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    The purpose of this document is to summarize the observations, conclusions, and recommendations that were obtained during post-disaster assessments sponsored by the FEMA Mitigation Division in response to Florida 2004 hurricane season. More than ten rapid response teams and two Mitigation Assessment Teams (MATs) were deployed to document observations and provide recommendations. The rapid response data collection teams focused on coastal high water marks, inland wind effects, residential and commercial building performance, critical and essential facility performance, and mitigation program effectiveness. The MATs assessed damage to the built environment and relied on the perishable data, such as high water marks, collected by the rapid response teams to quantify flood and wind effects of the hurricanes.
  • FEMA 548, Summary Report on Building Performance: Hurricane Katrina 2005 (2006)

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    In the weeks following Hurricane Katrina, a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) was deployed to the affected Gulf Coast areas to assess the performance of buildings. Based on the observed damage, the MAT also evaluated the adequacy of current building codes and provided suggestions to update the codes.
  • FEMA 277, The Oklahoma City Bombing Report (1996)

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    The purposes of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) investigation were to review damage caused by the blast, determine the failure mechanism for the building, and review engineering strategies for reducing such damage to new and existing buildings in the future. The available pdf file was created from a scanned document. No text files (.txt) exist for this publication.

  • FEMA 338, Building Performance Assessment Team (BPAT) Report - Hurricane Georges in the Gulf Coast (1999)

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    This report presents FEMA's Building Performance Assessment Team's (BPAT) observations on the success and failure of buildings in the Florida Keys and Gulf Coast areas of the United States to withstand the wind and flood forces generated by Hurricane Georges. Recommendations to improve the building performance in future natural disasters in this area are included as well.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27445

  • FEMA 489, Hurricane Ivan in Alabama and Florida: Observations, Recommendations and Technical Guidance (2005)

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    This report summarizes the observations, conclusions, and recommendations that resulted from post-disaster assessments sponsored by FEMA in response to Florida's 2004 hurricane season. During the 2004 season, the State was struck by Hurricanes Charley, Frances, Jeanne, and Ivan. More than 10 rapid-response teams and two Mitigation Assessment Teams were deployed to document observations and provide recommendations concerning building performance under the effects of hurricane winds and hurricane-related flooding. The information presented in this report is intended to assist the States of Florida and Alabama, communities, businesses, and individuals in the reconstruction process. This information will also help reduce future wind and water damage and promote the economic well-being of the nation.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27460.

  • FEMA 403, World Trade Center Building Performance Study (2002)

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    This report presents observations, findings, and recommendations regarding the performance of buildings affected by the September 11 attacks on the WTC towers in New York City. The report also describes the structural and fire protection features of the affected buildings and their performance in response to the terrorist attacks. All PDF files have been made accessible for screen readers with the exception of Appendix D, which contains a spreadsheet that cannot be made accessible. A presentation is also supplied in PDF format.
  • FEMA 549, Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast: Mitigation Assessment Team Report, Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance

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    In response to Hurricane Katrina, FEMA deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess damage from the hurricane and provide observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by wind and flood forces. The conclusions and recommendations of the report provide decision-makers with information and technical guidance that can be used to reduce future hurricane damage.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=6148.

  • Hurricane Charley Hurricane Recovery Advisories (2004)

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    These three hurricane recovery advisories are part of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) report for Hurricane Charley (2004) in Florida.
  • Hurricane Ivan Recovery Advisories (2004)

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    These four hurricane recovery advisories are part of the Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) report for Hurricane Ivan (2004) in Alabama and Florida (FEMA 489).
  • FIA 22, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Andrew in Florida (1993)

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    On August 24, 1992, Hurricane Andrew struck southern Dade County, Florida. In conducting its survey, the MAT investigated primary structural systems of buildings (i.e.; systems that support the building against all lateral and vertical loads experienced during a hurricane). In addition, the performance of the exterior architectural systems, such as roofing, windows, and doors was analyzed. The analysis included the effects of debris and the quality of construction workmanship. The loss of roof material and roof sheathing and the failure of windows and doors exposed interiors of buildings to further damage from wind and rain. The result was significant damage to building interiors and contents that rendered many buildings uninhabitable. Field observations concluded that the loss of roof cladding was the most pervasive type of damage to buildings in southern Dade County.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27433.

  • FIA-23, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Iniki in Hawaii (1993)

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    On September 11, 1992, Hurricane Iniki struck the Island of Kauai, Hawaii. With wind speeds exceeding those of Hurricanes Iwa (1982) and Dot (1959), Iniki was the strongest and most destructive hurricane to strike the Hawaiian Islands in recent memory. The MAT was tasked with surveying the performance of primarily residential structures under wind and water forces generated during Hurricane Iniki. The team investigated primary structural systems (i.e., systems in a building that resist lateral and vertical forces). For all buildings, the performance of exterior architectural systems, such as roofing, windows, and doors was analyzed. The analysis also included the effects of windborne and waterborne debris and the quality of construction and materials.

    A Power Point presntation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27436.

  • FEMA 281, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Opal in Florida (1996)

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    Hurricane Opal made landfall on October 4, 1995, as a Category 3 storm. Fifteen counties in the Florida Panhandle were declared Federal disaster areas. Field inspections were concentrated along a 200-mile stretch of Florida's Gulf of Mexico shoreline. Most of the structural damage associated with the storm was caused by coastal flood forces: storm surge, wind-generated waves, storm-induced erosion, and floodborne debris. The types of structural damage included slab foundations, pile and pier foundations, and framing systems. Recommendations for reconstruction include the application of v-zone construction requirements; construction materials should meet or exceed the minimum requirements for building materials in the Standard Building Code; slab and grade beams designed as freestanding structural elements; and pile, post, column, and pier foundations designed to accommodate all design flood, wind, and other loads simultaneously.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27439.

  • FEMA 290, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Fran in North Carolina (1997)

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    On September 5, 1996, Hurricane Fran made landfall near Cape Fear, North Carolina. Coastal areas experienced significant erosion and scour. Erosion caused by Hurricane Fran was exacerbated by the previous dune erosion caused by Hurricane Bertha, which made landfall in the same area only two months earlier. The MAT observed very little damage in some areas, where velocity flows, wave action, and severe erosion occurred. The successful performance of buildings in these areas demonstrates the value of compliance with National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) requirements.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be download, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27442.

  • FEMA P-757, Hurricane Ike in Texas and Louisiana: Mitigation Assessment Team Report, Building Performance Observations, Recommendations, and Technical Guidance (2009)

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    In response to Hurricane Ike, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess damage from the hurricane and provide observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by wind and flood forces. The MAT included FEMA Headquarters and Regional Office engineers, representatives from other Federal agencies and academia, and experts from the design and construction industry. The conclusions and recommendations of this Report are intended to provide decision-makers with information and technical guidance that can be used to reduce future hurricane damage.

    A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/library/viewRecord.do?id=6153.

  • Hurricane Ike Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) Presentation (2009)

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    In response to Hurricane Ike, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess damage from the hurricane and provide observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by wind and flood forces. The conclusions and recommendations of this Report are intended to provide decision-makers with information and technical guidance that can be used to reduce future hurricane damage. This presentation provides a summary of these findings. To view FEMA P-757 visit http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/15498
  • FEMA P-765, Midwest Floods of 2008 in Iowa and Wisconsin (2009)

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    In response to the 2008 Midwest floods, the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) deployed a Mitigation Assessment Team (MAT) to evaluate and assess the damages caused by the riverine flooding in Iowa and southern Wisconsin. This report documents the MAT’s observations, conclusions, and recommendations on the performance of buildings and other structures impacted by the flooding. The MAT included FEMA Headquarters and Regional Office staff, representatives from other federal agencies and academia, and experts from the design and construction industry. The conclusions and recommendations in this report are intended to provide decision makers with information and technical guidance that can be used to reduce future flood damage. A Power Point presentation and the document are supplied in PDF format.
  • Tornado Mitigation Assessment Teams (MATs) for Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, Georgia, & Missouri - Daily Reports (2011)

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    A massive tornado outbreak affected the Southern, Midwestern, and Eastern United States from April 25-28, 2011. FEMA deployed MATs to tornado-damaged areas of AL, MS, TN, and GA on Friday, May 6, 2011 for 7 to 8-days. Daily reports were prepared by the teams and are available to the public. The team's goals are: (1) investigate and assess the performance of safe rooms and shelters, and document damages observed; (2) investigate and assess residential building performance, focusing on newer construction where possible; (3) investigate and assess the performance of critical and essential facilities (4) evaluate operational issues resulting from damage of critical facilities (e.g., the effect of damage on response and recovery); and (5) evaluate and provide field evidence to determine the tornado ratings on the EF Scale for the evaluated locations.

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