Federal Emergency Management Agency

FEMA 427, Primer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks (2003)

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Cover photo for the document: FEMA 427, Primer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks (2003)
This primer introduces a series of concepts that can help building designers, owners, and State and local governments mitigate the threat of hazards resulting from terrorist attacks on new buildings. FEMA 427 specifically addresses four high-population, private-sector building types: commercial office, retail, multifamily residential, and light industrial. This manual contains extensive qualitative design guidance for limiting or mitigating the effects of terrorist attacks, focusing primarily on explosions, but also addressing chemical, biological, and radiological attacks. NOTE: This publication is available free to Local and State government staff. All other interested parties must order by special request through the Government Printing Office (GPO).
SizePublication Date
Primer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks (Hardcopy)
December 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfPrimer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks
6.17MDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type text/plainPrimer for Design of Commercial Buildings to Mitigate Terrorist Attacks
173.74KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfCover - Table of Contents
1.18MDecember 1, 2003
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11.02KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfIntroduction - Chapter 1
70.58KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type text/plainIntroduction - Chapter 1
9.73KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfTerrorist Threats - Chapter 2
157.86KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type text/plainTerrorist Threats - Chapter 2
6.72KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfWeapons Effects - Chapter 3
321.86KDecember 1, 2003
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3.32KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfBuilding Damage - Chapter 4
1.02MDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type text/plainBuilding Damage - Chapter 4
11.82KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfDesign Approach - Chapter 5
807.95KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfDesign Guidance - Chapter 6
2.25MDecember 1, 2003
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107.19KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfOccupancy Types - Chapter 7
76.71KDecember 1, 2003
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10.22KDecember 1, 2003
Icon for file of type application/pdfCost Considerations - Chapter 8
306.25KDecember 1, 2003
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6.76KDecember 1, 2003
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