FEMA 281, Mitigation Assessment Team Report: Hurricane Opal in Florida
Hurricane Opal made landfall on October 4, 1995, as a Category 3 storm. Fifteen counties in the Florida Panhandle were declared Federal disaster areas. Field inspections were concentrated along a 200-mile stretch of Florida's Gulf of Mexico shoreline. Most of the structural damage associated with the storm was caused by coastal flood forces: storm surge, wind-generated waves, storm-induced erosion, and floodborne debris. The types of structural damage included slab foundations, pile and pier foundations, and framing systems. Recommendations for reconstruction include the application of v-zone construction requirements; construction materials should meet or exceed the minimum requirements for building materials in the Standard Building Code; slab and grade beams designed as freestanding structural elements; and pile, post, column, and pier foundations designed to accommodate all design flood, wind, and other loads simultaneously.
A Power Point presentation of the MAT report can be downloaded, in PDF format, by going to http://www.fema.gov/media-library/assets/documents/27439.
|FEMA 281 - Hurricane Opal in Florida (Complete)||10.90M||August 1, 1996|
|FEMA 281 - Hurricane Opal in Florida (Complete)||69.92K||August 1, 1996|
|Cover, TOC, Executive Summary||870.03K|
|Cover, TOC, Executive Summary||14.97K|
|Chapter 1 - Introduction||418.84K|
|Chapter 1 - Introduction||9.98K|
|Chapter 2 - Site Observations||5.09M|
|Chapter 2 - Site Observations||19.71K|
|Chapter 3 - Recommendations||4.45M|
|Chapter 3 - Recommendations||22.75K|
|Chapter 4 - References||93.20K|
|Chapter 4 - References||2.24K|