- Go to ResourceTree and woody vegetation penetrations of earthen dams and their appurtenances have been demonstrated to be causes of serious structural deterioration and distress that can result in failure of earthen dams. Damage to earthen dams resulting from plant and animal penetrations is a significant dam safety issue in the United States. The purpose of this technical manual for Dam Owners, is to advance awareness of the characteristics and seriousness of dam safety problems associated with tree and woody vegetation growth impacts on earthen dams, provide a higher level of understanding of dam safety issues by reviewing current damage control policies, provide state-of-practice guidance for remediation design considerations associated with damages associated with tree and woody vegetation growth on earthen dams, and to provide rationale and state-of-practice techniques and procedures for management of desirable and undesirable vegetation on earthen dams.
- Go to ResourceThis form provides a basis for the actuarial rating of buildings and their contents on an individual risk basis that allows a rate discount for prudent building designs. This approach will serve to further the NFIP goals of providing incentives for hazard mitigation in coastal high hazard flood risk zones while permitting adequate insurance protection under premium rates that ensure that the risk of flood losses related to building placement and construction is borne by the owners of the properties at risk.
- Go to ResourceState Insurance Commissioner's play a crucial role in developing State policy for insurance. They can help shape the vision and strategy for protecting constituents with insurance coverage and assisting victims of flood disasters.
Recommended Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for New Buildings. Part 1 - ProvisionsGo to ResourceThe goal of the Provisions is to present criteria for the design and construction of new buildings subject to earthquake ground motions in order to minimize the hazard to life for all buildings, to increase the expected performance of higher occupancy structures as compared to ordinary structures, and to improve the capability of essential facilities to function after an earthquake. To this end, the Provisions provides the minimum criteria considered prudent and economically justified for the protection of life safety in buildings subject to earthquakes at any location in the United States. The Provisions document has been reviewed extensively and balloted by the building community and, therefore, it is a proper source for the development of building codes in areas of seismic exposure.
- Go to ResourceThe Flood Information Tool (FIT), released in 2002, was designed to process and convert locally available flood information to data that can be used by the HAZUS Flood Module. The FIT is a system of instructions, tutorials, and geographic information system (GIS) analysis scripts. When given user-supplied inputs (e.g., topographic data, a digital elevation model (DEM), ground elevations, flood elevations, floodplain boundary information, Q3 data, FIRM data, and DFIRM data), the FIT will calculate flood depth and elevation for riverine and coastal flood hazards. The FIT is intended to help users perform Level 2 or Level 3 flood hazard analyses.
FEMA P-55, Coastal Construction Manual: Principles and Practices of Planning, Siting, Designing, Constructing, and Maintaining Residential Buildings in Coastal Areas (4th ed.)Go to Resource
The 2011 CCM, 4th Ed. (FEMA P-55), is a 2-volume publication that provides a comprehensive approach to planning, siting, designing, constructing, and maintaining homes in the coastal environment. Volume I provides information about hazard identification, siting decisions, regulatory requirements, economic implications, and risk management. The primary audience for Volume I is design professionals, officials, and those involved in the decision-making process. Volume II contains in-depth descriptions of design, construction, and maintenance practices that, when followed, will increase the durability of residential buildings in the harsh coastal environment and reduce economic losses associated with coastal natural disasters. The primary audience for Volume II is the design professional who is familiar with building codes and standards and; has a basic understanding of engineering principles.
- Go to ResourceThis poster presents an overview of collaborations among and between Federal, State and local agencies working to encourage, promote and provide safe rooms and safe room planning. From workshops and design guides to grants and contractors, these partnerships make safe rooms accessible, affordable and above all, dependable. This poster is available in 2 versions - "original" and "economy". The "economy" version was created to minimize ink usage during in-house printing. This poster is also available as a handout.
- Go to ResourceThe first United States – Japan Earthquake Policy Symposium was held at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington D.C. September 16-18, 1996. It was attended by nearly 100 high level officials and technical specialists from both nations, and initiated a new era of policy collaboration between the United States and Japan. Discussions focused on critical policy decisions and supporting research to reduce earthquake losses. Speakers emphasized that cooperation should include all areas of policy, from mitigation to emergency response, and that it should be based on a broad range of cooperative exchanges, including partnerships in the private sector. Part I contains the Joint Statement of Conclusions and Recommendations, Part II contains the summary of policy issues, and recommendations proposed for bilateral policy, and Part III contains the written text of speeches and remarks given during the symposium.
- Go to ResourceFEMA has provided leadership of the National Dam Safety Program for over 25 years. This brochure provides the general public with an overview of FEMA’s role as lead agency and the responsibilities of the federal agencies that own, regulate, operate, and maintain dams. The brochure also describes the benefits of dams, including irrigation, electric power generation, flood control, and water storage.
Conceptual Framework and Basic Strategies and Tools for Implementing A Unified National Program for Floodplain ManagementGo to ResourceThis publication has been prepared in response to numerous requests from community and floodplain management officials and other decision makers for information on the strategies and tools for effective floodplain management and loss reduction efforts. It sets forth a conceptual framework and identifies strategies fundamental to implementing a balanced approach to floodplain management.
- Go to ResourceMitigation Planning How-To Guide # 2 (FEMA 386-2), the second guide in the State and Local Mitigation Planning How-To Series, provides step-by-step guidance on how to perform a risk assessment. Through a series of general and hazard-specific guidance and worksheets, the guide will help State, Indian Tribal, and local planning teams determine (1) which natural hazards could affect a jurisdiction; (2) what areas of the jurisdiction are vulnerable to the hazards; (3) what assets will be affected; and (4) to what degree they will be affected, as measured through dollar losses. This Guide is multi-hazard in scope, addressing flood, earthquake, tsunami, tornado, coastal storm, landslide and wildfire hazards. For communities dealing with multiple hazards, guidance is also provided on how to develop a composite loss estimate. Once the risk assessment is completed, State. Indian Tribal, and local officials will have the information necessary to develop a strategy and plan for reducing their losses.
- Go to ResourceProvides guidance for implementing the FY06 FMA program.
- Go to ResourceFEMA published an Interim Final Rule in the FEDERAL REGISTER on September 13, 2004, that provides State and Indian Tribal governments with a mechanism to request an extension to the date by which they must develop State Mitigation Plans as a condition of receiving grant assistance. FEMA regulations outline requirements for State Mitigation Plans which must be completed by November 1, 2004, in order to receive FEMA grant assistance. This Interim Final Rule allowed FEMA to grant justifiable extensions, in extraordinary circumstances, for State and Indian Tribal governments of up to 6 months, or no later than May 1, 2005. In addition, this Interim Final Rule allowed mitigation planning grants provided through the Pre-Disaster Mitigation program to continue to be available to State, Indian Tribal, and local governments after November 1, 2004.
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A residential safe room is a small, specially designed (“hardened”) room, such as a bathroom or closet, or other space within the house that is intended to provide a place of refuge only for the people who live in the house. In areas subject to extreme-wind events, homeowners should consider building a residential safe room. Wind hazards, such as those associated with tornadoes and hurricanes, vary throughout the United States. The decision to build a safe room will be based largely on the magnitude of the wind hazard in a given area and on the level of risk considered acceptable.
- Go to ResourceThis Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA) evaluates typical actions undertaken by FEMA to implement the Public Assistance (PA) Program to provide disaster relief to North Dakota counties as a result of historic and anticipated future flooding caused by rising water levels in the Devils Lake Basin. This PEA provides the public and decision-makers with the information required to understand and evaluate the potential environmental consequences of these actions and to consider these impacts in decision making. The purpose of this PEA is to help fulfill FEMA’s mandate under the PA Program to expeditiously provide disaster relief by expediting the environmental review process. FEMA will use this PEA to determine the level of environmental analysis and documentation required under the National Environmental Protection Act (NEPA).
- Go to ResourceThis updated safety guide, which was originally developed and published by the California Seismic Safety Commission, provides homeowners with a good start to strengthening their homes against earthquake damage. The guide also illustrates the relative cost of prevention versus repair or replacement. (Available in multiple languages)