PA ID# 071-33434; City of Hisperia
DSR ID# 19041, 19042, and 19045; Pavement and Shoulder Repair/Replacement in Several Locations
Citation: FEMA-1044-DR-CA; City of Hesperia; Town of Windsor; DSR's 19041, 19042, and 19045
Cross Reference: Roadway Repair, Applicable Codes and Standards, Potholes
Summary: The 1995 winter storms caused flooding along the roads of the City of Hesperia. Damage survey inspections were conducted in August and September of 1995 resulting in damage survey reports (DSR's) 19041, 19042, and 19045 being prepared for a total of $13,530 for the use of force labor for the repair of surface paving, pothole filling, and shoulder paving. DSR's 19041 and 19042 for pothole repair were ruled ineligible by FEMA Region IX because the pavement failures were characteristic of a lack of maintenance, heavy loading, or poor design, and there was no documentation indicating that they were the result of disaster related flooding. DSR 19045 for shoulder paving was ruled ineligible because the City resolution requiring the paving of selected roadway shoulders as a drainage control measure was non-uniform in it's application. Region IX denied the first appeal because the potholes were determined to be due to the preexisting poor road condition, and the shoulder paving was ruled ineligible because the City Resolution did not conform to FEMA regulations. In its second appeal, the City reiterated its earlier position and submitted documentation that the roadway was constructed prior to 1988 using a paving construction method called "desert mix", which is an asphalt and native material paving mix placed without a subbase.
Issues: 1. Was damage to the pavement surface the result of flooding caused by Disaster 1044, and eligible for FEMA funding?2. Does the City Resolution, which required improvement to roadway shoulders, meet FEMA requirements for uniformity, making it eligible for FEMA funding?
Findings: 1. No. The documentation submitted indicates the roadway is of poor design and construction, and there is no evidence of a maintenance program, making it impossible to determine if the damage can be attributed to the disaster flooding.2. No. The Resolution is not uniform in its application. It depends upon the discretion of a City engineer to discern which roadways require shoulder paving.