Summary: Heavy rains in March of 1995, resulted in the flooding of areas of Monterey County (County) and the evacuation of County residents. The County established childcare/daycare services to provide care and activities for children whose parents "were either busy applying for assistance or had left the fairgrounds to check on their homes and secure personal belongings." FEMA prepared DSR 73417 on June 28, 1995, for $25,769.11 to reimburse the County for services and supplies associated with the childcare. Upon review, FEMA reduced the DSR to $0, because childcare is not considered an essential service in the protection of life and public health and is not eligible expense. On February 8, 1996, the State forwarded the subgrantee's first appeal which requested FEMA approve DSR 73417 at the original level of funding. However, the State indicated it agreed with FEMA's original eligibility determination. On August 22, 1996, the Regional Director denied the appeal because the activities performed by the subgrantee are not considered an essential service of a governmental nature or an emergency measure, in accordance with 44 CFR 206.225. On March 12, 1997, the State submitted the subgrantee's second appeal, and again did not support it. In the second appeal the subgrantee claims that the childcare services were essential to allow parents to complete their recovery assistance applications, to return to their property, and to take care of their recovery needs.
Issues: Are recreational and social services (childcare) eligible for FEMA assistance under section 403?
Findings: No. These services are not eligible because they do not come within the eligibility criteria of emergency protective measures.
Rationale: Recreational and social services, including childcare, are not considered essential services in the protection of life and public health, pursuant to 44 CFR 206.225 (a)(3), which states; "In order to be eligible for Federal assistance, the emergency protective measure must: (i) eliminate or lessen threats to life, public health or safety