Summary: During the winter storms of 1995, a landslide occurred within a natural hillside in the Kagel Canyon area of Los Angeles County, damaging a 150-linear foot (lf) section of a 6-in. diameter water main. The landslide itself extended well beyond the immediate vicinity of the damaged pipeline, involving almost 4 acres of hillside area. The water main supplies the Los Angeles County Department of Public Works (applicant) West Tank Reservoir, which furnishes water to about 250 homes and for firefighting efforts in this hillside residential area. The applicant has estimated the cost of restoring the full landslide area to be almost $1.8 million, and has requested a relocation of the water main on the basis that it would be more cost effective (cost estimated at $285,000). DSR 25829, prepared in response to the initial site visit, limited funding to the cost of replacing the pipe ($30,000), concluding that the hillside was unstable and thus stabilization efforts would be the responsibility of the applicant. This determination was upheld in first appeal, but the first appeal analysis determined that the scope of pipe repair in DSR 25829 was ineligible, and prepared DSR 17791 to replace the pipe using FEMA cost codes for estimation of eligible costs. The estimated cost was $3,000. The applicant's second appeal again requests that FEMA reconsider the scope of the relocation project on the basis that it is cost effective in comparison to replacing the pipe within the failed hillside.
Is slope stabilization eligible for FEMA assistance?
Is the proposed relocation of the pipeline eligible for FEMA assistance?
Yes. The slope failure was caused primarily by the disaster. However, due to the overall condition of the slide area, and the proximity of the failed pipe to the remaining hillside, such repair may not be practical.
Yes. The proposed relocation appears to be more cost effective, however certain costs are either not eligible or represent an improvement.
Rationale: Slope failures within natural hillsides which are caused primarily by the disaster are eligible for restoration to the extent that they provide support to an eligible facility. For relocation projects to be eligible, they must be cost effective. Project components which represent an improvement to the predisaster design are evaluated as Improved Projects. Landslide Policy, 44CFR